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Feed Formulation

Feed Formulation

Feed formulation is the process of quantifying the amounts of feed ingredients that need to be combined to form a single uniform mixture (diet) for poultry that supplies all of their nutrient requirements. Since feed accounts for 65-75% of total live production costs for most types of poultry throughout the world, a simple mistake in diet formulation can be extremely expensive for a poultry producer.

Feed formulation requires thorough understanding of the:

  • Nutrient requirements of the class of poultry (e.g., egg layers, meat chickens or breeders) , Cattle & Aqua.
  • Feed ingredients in terms of nutrient composition and constraints in terms of nutrition and processing.
  • Cost and availability of the ingredients.

Most large-scale poultry farmers have their own nutritionists and feed mills, whereas small operations usually depend on consultant nutritionists and commercial feed mills for their feeds. It is therefore essential that formulations are accurate because once feeds are formulated and manufactured; it is often too late to remedy any mistakes or inaccuracies without incurring significant expenses.

General feed formulation for poultry consist of:

Maize – 50-60 %, Soya – 25-30 % ,DCP- 1-2 % ( di calcium phosphate ), LSP – 1 % ( limestone powder ) , Mustard – 1-3 %, MBM – 1-5 % ( meat bone meal ) , Premix – 2 -4 % and other ingredients like Millet , Rapeseed , Rice Bran , Maize Gluten, GNE, Wheat , Broken Rice etc.

For cattle feed:

De oiled cakes (Mustard, Cotton seed etc. )  – 30-40 %, Rice Bran – 10-30 % , Maize – 20 – 30 %, Mineral mixture – 3-4 %, Salt –1.5- 2 %, Molasses – 8-10 %, ,Oil – 2.75 -3 %

The above information is based on data collected from our existing customers & internet sources and is only for your reference. As expertise in feed mill engineering only, lark engineering will not be responsible for any type of loss occur due to above stated information.

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